20TH SUNDAY OF ORDINARY TIME
17TH – 18TH AUGUST 2019
02ND COLLECTION – for this weekend is for the Holy See in Rome. Please give generously
SPECIAL MASS – for students sitting for UPSR examination will be celebrated in this Church on THURSDAY, 22ND AUGUST at 7:30 PM. In St. Joseph’s Cathedral, this special mass will be celebrated on FRIDAY, 23RD AUGUST at 7:30 PM. Parents & Guardians are encouraged to bring their children who are sitting for this Public Examination to attend these special masses. All are welcome to participate & pray for the students.
COFFEE MORNING – being jointly organized by our Parish Youth Ministry & Ladies Guild will take place next SUNDAY 25TH AUGUST immediately after the morning mass. All are welcome.
PRE-MARRIAGE COURSES in English, Bahasa Malaysia and Mandarin will be conducted on 2 consecutive weekends on 5th/6th & 12th/13th OCTOBER. Couples planning to get married are to attend this course preferably six months before their intended church wedding. Registration forms are obtainable from St. Joseph’s Cathedral Parish Office. Deadline for registration is on 27th SEPTEMBER.
Please register early.
NATIONAL DAY PRAYER SERVICE – being organised by the Association of Churches in Sarawak and hosted by the Methodist Church will take place on THURSDAY, 22ND AUGUST, 7:30 PM at the Christian Ecumenical Worship Centre, Jalan Stampin. All parishioners are encouraged to participate in this ecumenical service and pray for our nation.
NATIONAL DAY MASS – will be celebrated together with COMBINED REQUIEM MASS on FRIDAY, 30TH AUGUST at 7:30 PM. Please send in your Mass Intentions to the Parish Office by THURSDAY, 29TH AUGUST or through the collection bag in an envelope during weekends’ masses. Chaplet of the Divine Mercy for the faithful departed is held at 7:00 PM.
SYMBOLON – in the Catholic context, is an Augustine Adult Faith Formation video series that systematically presents the Big Picture of the Catholic Faith.
Commencing date is on 03RD SEPTEMBER – 05TH NOVEMBER 2019 at our Parish Centre from 7:30 PM – 9:30 PM
All are invited & do bring your relatives & friends along to explore our Catholic Faith together. Registration forms are available outside the Church. Registration is free.
The Body of Christ
Fr. Paul McPartlan
- THE SECOND MILLENNIUM
b. Fourth Lateran Council (1215)
Scholastic theologians began to use the idea of ‘transubstantiation’, in other words, the idea that the substance of the bread and wine is transformed into the substance of the body and blood of Christ in the Mass. This idea was used, in1202, by Pope Innocent III (1198 – 1216) when he said that Christ ‘transubstantiated the bread and wine into his body and blood’, and stressed that this meant that in the sacrament of the altar there was the truth (veritas) of the body and blood of Christ, and not just an image (imago), an appearance (species) or a figure (figura) (DS 1502). There is something of an echo of the battle of Ignatius against the Docetists here. ‘Transubstantiation’ was duly sanctioned by the Fourth Lateran Council, which declared that the body and blood of Christ are ‘truly contained in the sacrament of the altar under the forms of bread and wine’ (DS 802), and it has become normative in Catholic teaching.
Before considering the robust defence of this idea that was made by the Council of Trent, we should note that it was the Fourth Lateran Council that recommended that the faithful should receive the Eucharist at least at Easter each year, having duly confessed their sins. It stipulated that confession at least once a year was required of all who had reached the age of discernment (DS 812). In this way, the idea of ‘Easter duties’ began.
c. Council of Trent (1545 – 1563)
Not long after the Fourth Lateran Council, the Second Council of Lyon (1274) listed the Eucharist simply as one of the seven sacraments of the Church. The accent had clearly shifted from the view that ‘the Eucharist makes the Church’ to the idea that ‘the Church makes the Eucharist’: in other words, the Eucharist was now just one of the sacred actions that the Church performed, and was no longer the act that itself shaped the Church into a communion of local churches. In fact, the Church was being shaped as a juridical pyramid with the pope at the summit as ‘Vicar of Christ’, a title first used by Pope Innocent III.
We have seen that there was a change in the way the Eucharist was understood around the beginning of the second millennium. The relationship between the Eucharist and Christ himself began to dominate, to the exclusion of the relationship between the Eucharist and the Church that had been such a rich patristic theme. Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger comments that ‘the centre of the oldest ecclesiology is the eucharsitic assembly’, and that ‘extraordinarily complex’ changes later occurred. There was an ‘increasing distinction between sacrament and jurisdiction, between liturgy and administration’. In other words, bishops now became administrative figures and the Mass became the priests’ job. ‘Like any other society, the Church was now, in a certain sense, a juridical instrument’, he says, though of course she was distinguished by having the sacraments. Nevertheless, ‘the Eucharist was just one of these – one liturgical act among others, no longer the encompassing orbit and dynamic centre of ecclesial existence per se’. ‘In consequence, the Eucharist itself was fragmented into a variety of loosely related rites: sacrifice, worship, cultic meal’, and ‘the linking of the whole sacramental event to the oneness of the crucified and risen Lord was overshadowed by the emergence of the plurality of separate sacrificial rites.