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Kepah ~ Parish Newsletter 37

CHURCH NOTICES

25TH SUNDAY OF ORDINARY TIME

21ST – 22ND SEPTEMBER 2019

COMBINED REQUIEM MASS – will be celebrated on FRIDAY, 27TH SEPTEMBER at 7:30 PM. Please send in your Mass Intentions through the collection bag in an envelope during weekends’ masses or latest to the Parish Office by THURSDAY, 26TH SEPTEMBER. Holy Rosary for the faithful departed is held at 7:00 PM.

17TH WORLDWIDE CHILDREN’S EUCHARISTIC HOLY HOUR – with recitation of the World Missionary Rosary by the young & Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament will be held at Blessed Sacrament Church, BDC on 04TH OCTOBER beginning at 7:30 PM.  All are welcome esp. Sunday school students, families & youth.

PRE-MARRIAGE COURSES in English, Bahasa Malaysia and Mandarin will be conducted on 2 consecutive weekends on 5th/6th & 12th/13th OCTOBER. Couples planning to get married are to attend this course preferably six months before their intended church wedding. Registration forms are obtainable from St. Joseph’s Cathedral Parish Office. Deadline for registration is on 27th SEPTEMBER.

Please register early.

FORMED is a platform providing access to many Catholic faith resources. The Archdiocese has subscribed & paid for this platform. You can register & make use of this platform to view, listen & share the resources made available. The link is http://kuchingcatholic.formed.org

THANKSGIVING MASS – being organized by The Catholic Senior Citizens’ Fellowship to celebrate the INTERNATIONAL DAY OF OLDER PERSONS in St. Joseph’s Cathedral at 5:30 PM on TUESDAY 1ST OCTOBER.  All are welcome.

SPECIAL MASSfor students sitting for PT3 / SPM / STPM examinations will be celebrated in this Church on THURSDAY, 26TH SEPTEMBER at 7:30 PM.  In St. Joseph’s Cathedral, this special mass will be celebrated on FRIDAY, 27TH SEPTEMBER at 7:30 PM. Parents & Guardians are encouraged to bring their children who are sitting for this Public Examination to attend these special masses.  All are welcome to participate & pray for the students.

SPECIAL FORMS – for Combined Requiem Masses in NOVEMBER are now available at the Main Entrance of the Church. Beginning from 2nd NOVEMBER and all FRIDAYS throughout that month will be Combined Requiem Masses for the faithful departed. Parishioners who wish to offer Mass intentions for the dearly departed are requested to fill in the Special forms provided.

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Eucharist

The Body of Christ

by

Fr. Paul McPartlan

No. 23

9.     THE SECOND MILLENNIUM

Continue from…

 

d.    Second Vatican Council (1962 – 1965)

In the Eucharist, we receive the body of Christ in order to become the Body of Christ, the body of the one who was sent into the world because the Father so loved the world. It immediately follows that we ourselves, having received, are sent out to proclaim the good news.

In fact, in the celebration of the Eucharist, the dynamism of Pentecost day is renewed. On that day, the Holy Spirit descended on the apostles and they immediately went out to proclaim the Gospel (Ac 21-41). In every Eucharist, likewise, the Spirit descends not only upon the gifts of bread and wine to transform them into the body and blood of the Lord, but also upon the community that receives: ‘Grant that we, who are nourished by his body and blood, may be filled with his Holy Spirit, and become one body, one Spirit in Christ’ (Eucharistic Prayer III). Having received communion, the community is then sent out: ‘Go in peace to love and serve the Lord’. De Lubac made the thoughtful observation that: ‘Our Churches are the “upper room” where not only is the Last Supper renewed but Pentecost also’.

Given that being grafted into the mystery of Pentecost is often how we describe the effect of the sacrament of Confirmation, we see that, as well as renewing the washing of Baptism, every Eucharist also renews the anointing of Confirmation, and there is, therefore, logic and coherence in the order in which the Church always speaks of these three sacraments of initiation, namely: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist (e.g. LG 11; CCC 1212). In that light, it seems odd to celebrate Eucharist, in which the grace of Pentecost is renewed, without having been grafted into that mystery by Confirmation! We can therefore understand by various dioceses around the world have now changed their policy so as to celebrate Confirmation before First Holy Communion for children, in other words, according to the same sequence that is followed whenever an adult is initiated: Baptism, then Confirmation, then Eucharist.

  1. CONCLUSION

After his Resurrection, Jesus appeared to two of his disciples on the road to Emmaus. The account of their meeting (Lk 24:13-35) essentially traces the very form of the celebration of the Eucharist, as Jesus first unfolds the scriptures to them and then breaks bread with them. Having initially been downcast, they went from their encounter full of joy, their hearts burning within them, to share the good news of ‘what had happened on the road and how they had recognised him in the breaking of bread’ (Lk 24:35). Having been unsure of his Resurrection, now they knew that it was true. Like them, the Church all through the ages has gone on encountering the Risen Christ in the breaking of bread with wonder and joy. Like them, we too are called to go out from the Eucharist to proclaim the victory of hope over fear, the victory of communion over separation, and the victory of life after death.

NB: this is the final episode on Eucharist by Fr. Paul McPartlan. From next weekend onwards, a new episode on Reconciliation – The Mercy of Christ by Vivian Boland OP will begin a new chapter.

 

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Kepah ~ Parish Newsletter 35

CHURCH NOTICES                 Download (PDF)

23RD SUNDAY OF ORDINARY TIME

 07TH – 08TH SEPTEMBER 2019

 ANNUAL RETREAT – for all our priests will take place from

16TH – 20TH SEPTEMBER. In view of this, there will be no Daily Evening Masses in this Church. Mass will resume on FRIDAY, 20TH SEPTEMBER. Please pray for them.

COFFEE MORNINGbeing jointly organized by our Parish Youth Ministry & Ladies Guild will take place next SUNDAY 15TH SEPTEMBER immediately after the morning mass.  All are welcome.

HOLY HOUR – with Eucharistic Celebration is on FRIDAY 20TH SEPTEMBER. The theme for this month is JESUS, COME AND BORN ANEW IN OUR HEARTS.

All are encouraged to come & participate.

COMBINED REQUIEM MASS – will be celebrated on FRIDAY, 27TH SEPTEMBER at 7:30 PM. Please send in your Mass Intentions through the collection bag in an envelope during weekends’ masses or latest to the Parish Office by THURSDAY, 26TH SEPTEMBER. Holy Rosary for the faithful departed is held at 7:00 PM.

FOOD FAIR – being organized by St. Jude, Bunan Gaga to raise fund for maintenance of its Pilgrimage Centre will be held on 26 OCTOBER 2019.  Your generous support for this worthy cause is very much appreciated.

PRE-MARRIAGE COURSES in English, Bahasa Malaysia and Mandarin will be conducted on 2 consecutive weekends on 5th/6th & 12th/13th OCTOBER 2019. Couples planning to get married are to attend this course preferably six months before their intended church wedding. Registration forms are obtainable from St. Joseph’s Cathedral Parish Office. Deadline for registration is on 27th SEPTEMBER 2019.

Please register early.

  1. JOSEPH’S PRIVATE SCHOOL – in its Building Fund project, will be having the following events:

Venue: St. Joseph’s Private School

Date: 14 SEPTEMBER 2019 (SATURDAY)

Time: Body Combat Exercise – 7:00 am to 8:00 am

Food Fair – 8:00 am to 11:00 am

Mass – 11:00 am

For those who are joining the Sarawak Interfaith Harmony Walk that morning, can drop by the school after the Walk for the Food Fair and Mass. All are welcome to give support.

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Eucharist

The Body of Christ

by

Fr. Paul McPartlan

No. 21

 

  1. THE SECOND MILLENNIUM

Continue from…

c.      Council of Trent (1545 – 1563)

We might summarise this teaching, in turn, by saying that it expresses the Catholic conviction that, in the Mass, there is a real engagement with the one sacrifice of Christ on Calvary. What Trent means by ‘appeasing’ or ‘propitiatory’ can be deduced from the contrast it makes; what it is rejecting is the idea that the Mass is ‘a mere commemoration’ of Christ’s sacrifice, as if that sacrifice happened long ago and all that we can do now is give God praise and thanksgiving for it. In accordance with the scriptures, as we saw in section 6, above, Catholic belief is that that sacrifice, which indeed took place once and for all long ago, is nevertheless engraved in the heavens and overarches history, such that it can be present, and indeed, is present in our midst in all its redeeming power in every Mass, so that we can enter into it more fully and reap its fruits for the living and the dead, together with the other benefits that Trent lists.

We may say that, in an understandable reaction against the mistaken suspicion that there was a repetition of the sacrifice of Christ taking place in the Mass, the Reformers swung to the other extreme and denied any sacrificial aspect of the Mass. What Trent was reasserting was that there was no repetition of Christ’s sacrifice in the Mass, but that the Mass is sacrificial because his once and for all sacrifice is truly present among us in all its power.

Before moving on from Trent, we should note its teaching that, after the consecration, our Lord Jesus Christ, true God and true man, is really and fully present under both forms of bread and wine, so that he is fully received under either form. We should also note its teaching on the forgiveness that there is in the Eucharist. The Catechism reiterates Trent when it teaches that the Eucharist is ‘a remedy to free us from our daily faults’ (CCC 1394-5, 1436), and that the sacrament of reconciliation exists, above all, for those who, after Baptism, have fallen into grave sin (CCC 1446). This again leads us to think of the significance of receiving the blood of the Lord, particularly symbolised by receiving communion from the cup. The wine is consecrated and becomes the blood of Christ ‘shed for you and for all so that sins may be forgiven’, so receiving the blood of the Lord in the Eucharist is surely an excellent way to express sorrow for our sins and the desire to wash the baptismal robes that we have stained by our sins white again in the blood of the Lamb (cf Rv 7:14). Sorrow for our sins and the desire for forgiveness are vital aspects of the renewing of our discipleship that we express as we take the cup and drink, as we saw above (section 8c). As we have repeatedly seen (cf also section 4, above), there are great benefits for our Christian lives and for our catechesis in receiving communion under both kinds!

d.        Second Vatican Council (1962 – 1965)

The teaching of the Council of Trent is decisive for Catholic understanding of the Eucharist, but we need to see how what it said in those two decrees, eleven years apart, can be held together, so as to nip in the bud any danger of misunderstanding the Eucharist.

to continue…

 

Kepah ~ Parish Newsletter 35

CHURCH NOTICES        Download (PDF)

 22ND SUNDAY OF ORDINARY TIME

 31ST AUGUST – 01ST SEPTEMBER 2019

 

02ND COLLECTION – for this weekend is for the seminary fund. Please give generously.

ENORLMENT of Catholic Students to enter Form 1, Form 2 & Form 4 at SMK St. Joseph’s in year 2020. Parents are strongly encouraged to enrol their sons. Application must be submitted by 15 DECEMBER 2019. Documents required are baptism certificate, examination results, birth certificate & I/C. For further information, please call the school at 082-240885.

SYMBOLON in the Catholic context, is an Augustine Adult Faith Formation video series that systematically presents the Big Picture of the Catholic Faith.

Commencing date is on 03RD SEPTEMBER – 05TH NOVEMBER 2019 at our Parish Centre from 7:30 PM – 9:30 PM

Due to overwhelming response, registration is now closed. The AVA Room seating capacity is already full. The organizing committee would like to thank all of you for your support.

PRE-MARRIAGE COURSES in English, Bahasa Malaysia and Mandarin will be conducted on 2 consecutive weekends on 5th/6th & 12th/13th OCTOBER. Couples planning to get married are to attend this course preferably six months before their intended church wedding. Registration forms are obtainable from St. Joseph’s Cathedral Parish Office. Deadline for registration is on 27th SEPTEMBER.

Please register early.

FORMED is a platform providing access to many Catholic faith resources. The Archdiocese has subscribed & paid for this platform. You can register & make use of this platform to view, listen & share the resources made available. The link is http://kuchingcatholic.formed.org

SEED 19 PROGRAMME being organized by the Sarawak Catholic Teachers’ Guild for Form 1 & 2 students will take place at the ACCPC on 15TH SEPTEMBER 2019. Further details of program is on the registration form available outside the Church. Please submit all registration forms with fees of RM20.00 per head to St. Joseph’s Cathedral parish office or SCTG school representatives. Closing date for registration is on 08TH SEPTEMBER.

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Eucharist

The Body of Christ

by

Fr. Paul McPartlan

No. 20

 

  1. THE SECOND MILLENNIUM

Continue from…

  1. Council of Trent (1545 – 1563)

The key to this second canon is the idea of change. Trent rejects the idea that the substance of the bread and wine might remain ‘together with’ the body and blood of Christ, an idea known as ‘consubstantiation’ and associated with Martin Luther, and it insists on ‘transubstantiation’: there is a marvellous and unique change in the bread and wine. What is at stake here becomes clear if we recall the link made in section 5, above, between Eucharistic realism and ecclesial realism. The Eucharist feeds the Church, and what we say about the Eucharist will be strongly indicative of what we believe about the Church and about God’s purpose for humanity and the world at large. If we believe that God’s purpose is to transform us, so that one day we ourselves will shine in Christ with all the glory that shone from him at his Transfiguration (Mt 17:1-8), then it follows that we will believe that the Eucharist we receive centres upon a transformation of the bread and wine into Christ himself (cf CCC 1000). The Catholic Church firmly believes, as scripture teaches, that ‘the greatest and priceless promises have been lavished on us’ so that we may truly ‘share the divine nature’ (2 P 1:4), and be divinised. Therefore, at the heart of Catholic belief stands a firm conviction that the bread and wine of the Eucharist are indeed

“Our participation in the Eucharist already gives us a foretaste of Christ’s transfiguration of our bodies: ‘Just as bread that comes from the earth, after God’s blessing has been invoked upon it, is no longer ordinary bread, but Eucharist, formed of two things, the one earthly and the other heavenly so too our bodies, which partake of the Eucharist, are no longer corruptible, but possess the hope of resurrection’ (St Irenaeus)” (CCC 1000).

themselves most deeply changed and transformed into Christ himself. Belief in that change is the key to believing that God’s whole purpose in Christ is to make ‘the whole of creation new’ (Rv 21:5), as is proclaimed at the culmination of the Book of Revelation.

On the other hand, belief in divinisation, or ‘theosis’, has not generally been associated with Luther. For him, the Christian was simul iustus et peccatoe, justified but still a sinner, and this tallies with a belief that, in the Eucharist, Christ is indeed really present, but there is still the substance of the bread and wine. Recent research which may revise our understanding of Luther’s views on divinisation is of considerable ecumenical importance. What is plain from Trent is the Catholic conviction that there is a real change in the bread and wine at Mass.

In the decree on the sacrificial aspect of the Mass, it is the third canon that stands out particularly.

‘If anyone says that the sacrifice of the mass is only one of praise and thanksgiving, or that it is a mere commemoration of the sacrifice enacted on the cross and not itself appeasing; or that it avails only the one who receives and should not be offered for the living and the dead, for their sins, penalties, satisfactions and other needs: let him be anathema.’

 

to continue…

 

 

Kepah ~ Parish Newsletter 34

CHURCH NOTICES                       Download (PDF)

21ST SUNDAY OF ORDINARY TIME

 24TH – 25TH AUGUST 2019

 NATIONAL DAY MASS – will be celebrated together with COMBINED REQUIEM MASS on FRIDAY, 30TH AUGUST at 7:30 PM. Please send in your Mass Intentions to the Parish Office by THURSDAY, 29TH AUGUST or through the collection bag in an envelope during weekends’ masses. Chaplet of the Divine Mercy for the faithful departed is held at 7:00 PM.

ENORLMENT of Catholic Students to enter Form 1, Form 2 & Form 4 at SMK St. Joseph’s in year 2020. Parents are strongly encouraged to enrol their sons. Application must be submitted by 15 DECEMBER 2019. Documents required are baptism certificate, examination results, birth certificate & Identity Card. For further information, please call the school at 082-240885.

BAPTISM OF BABIES – is on 01ST SEPTEMBER 2019 immediately after the morning mass. Parents & God-parents must attend a briefing for Baptism of Baby on FRIDAY, 30TH AUGUST after the evening mass. Parents are reminded to bring along their Family Record booklet, photocopy of the child’s Birth Certificate & photocopies of god-parent’s confirmation certificate & I/C. Failing to bring the necessary documents might result in deferring of your child’s baptism.

PRE-MARRIAGE COURSES in English, Bahasa Malaysia and Mandarin will be conducted on 2 consecutive weekends on 5th/6th & 12th/13th OCTOBER. Couples planning to get married are to attend this course preferably six months before their intended church wedding. Registration forms are obtainable from St. Joseph’s Cathedral Parish Office. Deadline for registration is on 27th SEPTEMBER.

Please register early.

SYMBOLON in the Catholic context, is an Augustine Adult Faith Formation video series that systematically presents the Big Picture of the Catholic Faith.

Commencing date is on 03RD SEPTEMBER – 05TH NOVEMBER 2019 at our Parish Centre from 7:30 PM – 9:30 PM

All are invited & do bring your relatives & friends along to explore our Catholic Faith together. Registration forms are available outside the Church.  Registration is free.

FORMED is a platform providing access to many Catholic faith resources. The Archdiocese has subscribed & paid for this platform. You can register & make use of this platform to view, listen & share the resources made available. The link is http://kuchingcatholic.formed.org

SEED 19 PROGRAMME being organized by the Sarawak Catholic Teachers’ Guild for Form 1 & 2 students will take place at the ACCPC on 15TH SEPTEMBER 2019. Further details of program is on the registration form obtainable from St. Joseph’s Cathedral parish office or SCTG school representatives. Registration fee is RM20.00 and closing date for registration is on 08TH SEPTEMBER.

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Eucharist

The Body of Christ

by

Fr. Paul McPartlan

No. 19

 

 

 

  1. THE SECOND MILLENNIUM

Continue from…

  1. Council of Trent (1545 – 1563)

 

In short, the great emphasis on the sacramental aspect of the Eucharist, on how the bread and wine are indeed changed into the body and blood of Christ, had led to the sacrificial aspect of the Eucharist being treated separately, and this separation opened the way for a dangerous misunderstanding, namely that a repetition of the sacrifice of the Cross was occurring. One of the leading English Reformers, Thomas Cranmer (1489 – 1556), significantly complained that the two chief roots of ‘popery’ were ‘the popish doctrine of transubstantiation’ and that of ‘the sacrifice and oblation of Christ made by the priest for the salvation of the quick and the dead’. He clearly had the totally mistaken impression that, in the Mass, Christ becomes present and is then sacrificed again by the priest! This complete misapprehension of Catholic belief perhaps still continues in some quarters.

In order to eradicate any danger of such a misunderstanding, the sacramental and sacrificial aspects of the Eucharist need to be held strictly together, we need to see the Mass as a ‘sacramental sacrifice’. This notion is very scriptural and comes straight out of the biblical texts we saw earlier, in section 6. We shall return to it in section 9d, below. For now, we must simply note that a hallmark of the treatment of the Eucharist in the few centuries prior to the Council of Trent and, in particular, at the Council itself, was a firm separation of the two aspects. Trent produced its Decree on the Most Holy Sacrament of the Eucharist, dealing especially with transubstantiation, in 1551, and its Decree on the Most Holy Sacrament of the Mass in 1562, eleven years apart! These two decrees are fundamental reference points for the Catholic Church’s understanding of the Eucharist. They contain unchangeable pieces of the overall picture of Catholic belief. However, as I have suggested, Trent itself, because of its division of the material, did not fit the pieces fully together.

The gist of the two decrees is to be found in the canon that were attached to them, summarising their teaching. Let us examine them in turn. The first canon of the first decree, on the Eucharist as sacrament, declares:

‘If anyone denies that in the most holy sacrament of the Eucharist there are contained truly, really and substantially, the body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ together with the soul and divinity, and therefore the whole Christ, but says that he is present in it only as in a sign or figure or by his power, let him be anathema’

This canon clearly teaches the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist, and the second canon specifies the nature of this presence.

‘If anyone says that in the venerable sacrament of the eucharist the substance of the bread and wine remains together with the body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, and denies that marvellous and unique change of the whole substance of the bread into the body, and of the whole substance of the wine into the blood, while only the appearance of bread and wine remains, a change which the catholic church most aptly calls transubstantiation: let him be anathema.’

to continue…

 

 

 

Kepah ~ Parish Newsletter 33

CHURCH NOTICES

20TH SUNDAY OF ORDINARY TIME

 17TH – 18TH AUGUST 2019

 

02ND COLLECTION – for this weekend is for the Holy See in Rome. Please give generously

SPECIAL MASSfor students sitting for UPSR examination will be celebrated in this Church on THURSDAY, 22ND AUGUST at 7:30 PM.  In St. Joseph’s Cathedral, this special mass will be celebrated on FRIDAY, 23RD AUGUST at 7:30 PM. Parents & Guardians are encouraged to bring their children who are sitting for this Public Examination to attend these special masses.  All are welcome to participate & pray for the students.

COFFEE MORNINGbeing jointly organized by our Parish Youth Ministry & Ladies Guild will take place next SUNDAY 25TH AUGUST immediately after the morning mass.  All are welcome.

PRE-MARRIAGE COURSES in English, Bahasa Malaysia and Mandarin will be conducted on 2 consecutive weekends on 5th/6th & 12th/13th OCTOBER. Couples planning to get married are to attend this course preferably six months before their intended church wedding. Registration forms are obtainable from St. Joseph’s Cathedral Parish Office.  Deadline for registration is on 27th SEPTEMBER.

Please register early.

NATIONAL DAY PRAYER SERVICE – being organised by the Association of Churches in Sarawak and hosted by the Methodist Church will take place on THURSDAY, 22ND AUGUST, 7:30 PM at the Christian Ecumenical Worship Centre, Jalan Stampin. All parishioners are encouraged to participate in this ecumenical service and pray for our nation.

NATIONAL DAY MASS – will be celebrated together with COMBINED REQUIEM MASS on FRIDAY, 30TH AUGUST at 7:30 PM. Please send in your Mass Intentions to the Parish Office by THURSDAY, 29TH AUGUST or through the collection bag in an envelope during weekends’ masses. Chaplet of the Divine Mercy for the faithful departed is held at 7:00 PM.

 

SYMBOLON in the Catholic context, is an Augustine Adult Faith Formation video series that systematically presents the Big Picture of the Catholic Faith.

Commencing date is on 03RD SEPTEMBER – 05TH NOVEMBER 2019 at our Parish Centre from 7:30 PM – 9:30 PM

All are invited & do bring your relatives & friends along to explore our Catholic Faith together. Registration forms are available outside the Church.  Registration is free.

 

 

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Eucharist

The Body of Christ

by

Fr. Paul McPartlan

No. 18

 

  1. THE SECOND MILLENNIUM

 b.      Fourth Lateran Council (1215)

Scholastic theologians began to use the idea of ‘transubstantiation’, in other words, the idea that the substance of the bread and wine is transformed into the substance of the body and blood of Christ in the Mass. This idea was used, in1202, by Pope Innocent III (1198 – 1216) when he said that Christ ‘transubstantiated the bread and wine into his body and blood’, and stressed that this meant that in the sacrament of the altar there was the truth (veritas) of the body and blood of Christ, and not just an image (imago), an appearance (species) or a figure (figura) (DS 1502). There is something of an echo of the battle of Ignatius against the Docetists here. ‘Transubstantiation’ was duly sanctioned by the Fourth Lateran Council, which declared that the body and blood of Christ are ‘truly contained in the sacrament of the altar under the forms of bread and wine’ (DS 802), and it has become normative in Catholic teaching.

Before considering the robust defence of this idea that was made by the Council of Trent, we should note that it was the Fourth Lateran Council that recommended that the faithful should receive the Eucharist at least at Easter each year, having duly confessed their sins. It stipulated that confession at least once a year was required of all who had reached the age of discernment (DS 812). In this way, the idea of ‘Easter duties’ began.

c.      Council of Trent (1545 – 1563)

Not long after the Fourth Lateran Council, the Second Council of Lyon (1274) listed the Eucharist simply as one of the seven sacraments of the Church. The accent had clearly shifted from the view that ‘the Eucharist makes the Church’ to the idea that ‘the Church makes the Eucharist’: in other words, the Eucharist was now just one of the sacred actions that the Church performed, and was no longer the act that itself shaped the Church into a communion of local churches. In fact, the Church was being shaped as a juridical pyramid with the pope at the summit as ‘Vicar of Christ’, a title first used by Pope Innocent III.

We have seen that there was a change in the way the Eucharist was understood around the beginning of the second millennium. The relationship between the Eucharist and Christ himself began to dominate, to the exclusion of the relationship between the Eucharist and the Church that had been such a rich patristic theme. Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger comments that ‘the centre of the oldest ecclesiology is the eucharsitic assembly’, and that ‘extraordinarily complex’ changes later occurred. There was an ‘increasing distinction between sacrament and jurisdiction, between liturgy and administration’. In other words, bishops now became administrative figures and the Mass became the priests’ job. ‘Like any other society, the Church was now, in a certain sense, a juridical instrument’, he says, though of course she was distinguished by having the sacraments. Nevertheless, ‘the Eucharist was just one of these – one liturgical act among others, no longer the encompassing orbit and dynamic centre of ecclesial existence per se’. ‘In consequence, the Eucharist itself was fragmented into a variety of loosely related rites: sacrifice, worship, cultic meal’, and ‘the linking of the whole sacramental event to the oneness of the crucified and risen Lord was overshadowed by the emergence of the plurality of separate sacrificial rites.

 

to continue…

 

 

 

Kepah ~ Parish Newsletter 32

CHURCH NOTICES               Download (PDF)

 19TH SUNDAY OF ORDINARY TIME

 10TH – 11TH AUGUST 2019

 

HOLY HOUR – with Eucharistic Celebration is on FRIDAY, 16TH AUGUST. The theme for this month is JESUS, HELP US FIND THE GRACE WE NEED TO LIVE BY FAITH THROUGH THE BOND OF LOVE WITH MARY.

All are encouraged to come & participate.

FEAST OF ASSUMPTION – will be celebrated on THURSDAY, 15TH AUGUST at 7:00 AM & 7:30 PM with Vigil Mass on WEDNESDAY, 14TH AUGUST at 7:30 PM. It is a Holy Day of Obligation.

NEW INTAKE FOR R.C.I.Ain our parish is still open for registration.  Parishioners who know of friends or relatives who would like to take up Instructions & be baptized during next Easter in Year 2020 can help them to register.

Commencement of classes are as follows:

  • English session is on every FRIDAY

at 7:30 PM [ Parish Centre – Room 1 ]
Person to contact is Matthew Eden [ 019-819 7748 ]

  • Chinese session is on every SUNDAY

at 1:30 PM [ Parish Centre – Room 1 ]
Person to contact is Theresa Ang [ 016-779 6265 ]

  • Bahasa Malaysia & Bidayuh is on every FRIDAY instead of

SUNDAY at 8:00 PM [ Church of Our Lady, Star of the Sea,

Bintawa.]

Person to contact is John Jackson [ 017-805 8820 ]

 PRE-MARRIAGE COURSES in English, Bahasa Malaysia and Mandarin will be conducted on 2 consecutive weekends on 5th/6th & 12th/13th OCTOBER. Couples planning to get married are to attend this course preferably six months before their intended church wedding. Registration forms are obtainable from St. Joseph’s Cathedral Parish Office. Deadline for registration is on 27th SEPTEMBER. Please register early.

NATIONAL DAY PRAYER SERVICE being organised by the Association of Churches in Sarawak and hosted by the Methodist Church will take place on THURSDAY, 22ND AUGUST, 7:30 PM at the Christian Ecumenical Worship Centre, Jalan Stampin. All parishioners are encouraged to participate in this ecumenical service and pray for our nation.

NATIONAL DAY MASS – will be celebrated together with COMBINED REQUIEM MASS on FRIDAY, 30TH AUGUST at 7:30 PM. Please send in your Mass Intentions to the Parish Office by THURSDAY, 29TH AUGUST or through the collection bag in an envelope during weekends’ masses. Chaplet of the Divine Mercy for the faithful departed is held at 7:00 PM.

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Eucharist

The Body of Christ

by

Fr. Paul McPartlan

No. 17

 

  1. THE SECOND MILLENNIUM

For the early Fathers, as for St Paul, the Church on earth was a family of local churches, a communion of communities, bound together by the charity that springs from the one Lord in the one Eucharist that they all shared. Also like St Paul, they tended to refer to the Church simply as the Body of Christ, or perhaps the ‘true body (corpus verum), not as the mystical body of Christ (corpus mysticum). In fact, they spoke of the sacraments as ‘the mysteries’, and especially of the Eucharist as the sacred mysteries, as we still sometimes do. It follows that the Eucharist is, technically speaking, the ‘mystical body of Christ’, which literally just means the body of Christ present under the signs and symbols of the Church’s sacramental life, in this case, the forms of bread and wine. We nowadays tend to speak of the Eucharist as the true body of Christ, and of the Church as his mystical body. In other words, the terminology of the Fathers has been reversed! How did this happen? It happened in reaction to the teaching of one of the first scholastic theologians, Berengar of Tours.

a.      Berengar (c.1010 – 1088)

Berengar didn’t properly understand the teaching of the Fathers. When they called the Eucharist the mystical body of Christ, they did not for a moment doubt that Christ was really present. The term simply meant that he was present under the sacramental forms of bread and wine. However, Berengar could not hold these aspects and said that Christ was present only mystically, not truly. In his book, Corpus Mysticum (1949), Henry de Lubac describes how the Church reacted momentously to this challenge, gradually changing its vocabulary to avoid any misunderstanding and stressing that the Eucharist is indeed the real body of Christ, which meant that the adjective ‘mystical’ came to be dropped when speaking of the Eucharist. For a while, Eucharist and Church were both called the real body of Christ (corpus verum), but to avoid confusion the adjective ‘mystical’ eventually attached itself to the Church: it began to be called the mystical body of Christ, and the reversal of the terminology was complete!

This doesn’t sound too problematic until we realise that, whereas the Fathers’ thought tended to flow naturally and smoothly from Christ through the Eucharist to the Church (corpus verum), now the train of thought tended to stop short at the presence of Christ in the Eucharist itself, and the link between the Eucharist and the Church began to be neglected. What was now greatly studied was simply the way in which Christ was present in the Eucharist, under the forms of bread and wine. De Lubac comments that whereas the Eucharist had been ‘the mystery to understand’, it now became ‘the miracle to believe’. Confronted with such a miracle, people often felt unworthy to receive.

to continue…

 

 

Kepah ~ Parish Newsletter 31

CHURCH NOTICES

 18TH SUNDAY OF ORDINARY TIME

 03RD – 04TH AUGUST 2019

 02ND COLLECTION – for this weekend is for the seminary fund. Please give generously.

FEAST OF TRANSFIGURATION of Our Lord is celebrated on TUESDAY, 06TH AUGUST at 7:30 PM. It is also a Requiem Mass for both Fr. Peter Aichner’s 24th Anniversary & Sr. Marietta’s 9th Anniversary of their passing.

FEAST OF ASSUMPTION – will be celebrated on THURSDAY, 15TH AUGUST at 7:00 AM & 7:30 PM with Vigil Mass on WEDNESDAY, 14TH AUGUST at 7:30 PM. It is a Holy Day of Obligation.

NEW INTAKE FOR R.C.I.Ain our parish is still open for registration.  Parishioners who know of friends or relatives who would like to take up Instructions & be baptized during next Easter in Year 2020 can help them to register.

Commencement of classes are as follows:

  • English session is on every FRIDAY

at 7:30 PM [ Parish Centre – Room 1 ]
Person to contact is Matthew Eden [ 019-819 7748 ]

  • Chinese session is on every SUNDAY

at 1:30 PM [ Parish Centre – Room 1 ]
Person to contact is Theresa Ang [ 016-779 6265 ]

  • Bahasa Malaysia & Bidayuh is on every Sunday

at 2:30 PM [ Church of Our Lady, Star of the Sea, Bintawa.]
Person to contact is John Jackson [ 017-805 8820 ]

ENORLMENT of Catholic Students to enter Form 1, Form 2 & Form 4 at SMK St. Joseph’s in year 2020. Parents are strongly encouraged to enrol their sons. Application must be submitted by 15 DECEMBER 2019. Documents required are baptism certificate, examination results, birth certificate & I/C. For further information, please call the school at 082-240885

NATIONAL DAY PRAYER SERVICE being organised by the Association of Churches in Sarawak and hosted by the Methodist Church will take place on THURSDAY, 22ND AUGUST, 7:30 PM at the Christian Ecumenical Worship Centre, Jalan Stampin. All parishioners are encouraged to participate in this ecumenical service and pray for our nation.

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Eucharist

The Body of Christ

by

Fr. Paul McPartlan

No. 16

Continue from…

  1. THE FIRST MILLENNIUM

d.    St Ambrose (c.339 – 397)

We saw in section 1, above, that it is by the power of the Holy Spirit that the bread and wine are changed. We can now clearly say, with Ambrose, that that change happens at the word of Christ. We must recall that Jesus Christ was filled with the Spirit at every moment (e.g. Lk 1:35; 4:1; 10:21) and that his very name means ‘the anointed one’. It would therefore be futile to ask whether it is by the invocation of the Holy Spirit or by the words of Christ that the consecration occurs. It occurs by means of both.

e.   St Augustine (354 – 430)

Of both the Church and the Eucharist interchangeably, St Augustine exclaimed: ‘O sacrament of devotion! O sign of unity! O bond of charity!’ He is the perfect exponent of the patristic principle that ‘the Eucharist makes the Church’. His teaching on the Eucharist is vigorous and stimulating; he turns the tables and reverses perspectives so as to make his point. In short, as he sees it, to receive the body of Christ in the Eucharist is, in fact, to be received by him into his Body which is the Church. The body of Christ which we take into ourselves actually takes us out of ourselves into the communion of the Church. We might even say that the food that we eat eats us!

In his Confessions, Augustine gave a moving account of when he first came to know God and heard him say from on high: ‘I am the food of the fully grown; grow and you will feed on me. And you will not change me into you like the food your flesh eats, but you will be changed into me’. Then, rather echoing a theme of Cyprian, as we saw above, he reflected in one of his homilies on the fact that the Lord used bread for the Eucharist, and compared the process by which a loaf is made to the process by which people are initiated into the Church.

“The Body of Christ”, you are told, and you answer “Amen”. Be members then of the Body of Christ that your Amen may be true. Why is this mystery accomplished with bread? We shall say nothing of our own about it, rather let us hear the Apostle [Paul], who speaking of this sacrament says: “We being many are one body, one bread.” Understand and rejoice. Unity, devotion, charity!  One bread: and what is this one bread? One body made up of many. Consider that the bread is not made of one grain alone, but of many. During the time of exorcism, you were, so to say, in the mill. At baptism you were wetted with water. Then the Holy Spirit came into you like the fire which bakes the dough. Be then what you see and receive what you are.

Here again is a splendid image from the Fathers for our catechesis today. Augustine sees the Eucharistic bread itself as a parable of the Church, many once-scattered people who have now been united by the water of Baptism and the fire of the Spirit in Confirmation. As Christ comes to us in the form of bread, we learn that he is actually feeding his Church at that moment. It follows that we receive him properly when we truly want to be part of the Church, being at peace with our brothers and sisters and really living with them as the Body of Christ in the world. In fact, Augustine’s gaze extends further, to the life of heaven. Christ in the Eucharist is actually fashioning that heavenly gathering that is most truly ‘the Church’ (cf Heb 12:23), as we saw in section 6, above. Augustine says of the Eucharist, ‘this food and drink… makes those by whom it is taken immortal and incorruptible, that is, the very society of saints, where there will be peace and full and perfect unity’. The Eucharist is the sacrament ‘by which the Church is now united’, he said, and Vatican II cited this passage when it taught about the profound unity of all the local churches of the world because of the one Eucharist that they all celebrate (LG 26).