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Kepah ~ Parish Newsletter 338

 

COMPENDIUM: CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH

No.83

523. What is forbidden by the eighth commandment?

The eighth commandment forbids:

-false witness, perjury, and lying, the gravity of which

is measured by the truth it deforms, the circumstances, the

intentions of the one who lies, and the harm suffered by its -rush judgment, slander, defamation and calumny which

diminish or destroy the good reputation and honor to which -flattery, adulation, or complaisance, especially if directed

to serious sins or toward the achievement of illicit advantages.

A sin committed against truth demands reparation if it has caused harm to others.

 

 

524. What is required by the eighth commandment?

The eighth commandment requires respect for the truth

accompanied by the discretion of charity in the field of communication and the imparting of information, where the

personal and common good, the protection of privacy and the danger of scandal must all be taken into account; in respecting

professional secrets which must be kept, save in exceptional  cases for grave and proportionate reasons; and also in

respecting confidences given under the seal of secrecy.

 

525. How is one to use the means of social communication?

The information provided by the media must be at the service of the common good. Its content must be true and-within the limits and justice

and charity-also complete.

Furthermore, information must be communicated honestly and

properly with scrupulous respect for moral laws and the legitimate rights and dignity of the person.

 

526. What relationship exists between truth, beauty and

sacred art?

The truth is beautiful, carrying in itself the splendour of spiritual

beauty. In addition to the expression of the truth in words there are other complementary expressions of the truth, most

specifically in the beauty of artistic works. These are the fruit both of talents given by God and of human effort. Sacred art by

being true and beautiful should evoke and glorify the mystery of God made visible in Christ, and lead to the adoration and love

of God, the Creator and Savior, who is the surpassing, invisible

Beauty of Truth and Love.

 

THE NINTH COMMANDMENT: YOU SHALL NOT COVET YOUR NEIGHBOR’S WIFE

527. What is required by the ninth commandment?

The ninth commandment requires that one overcome carnal concupiscence in thought and in desire. The struggle against

such concupiscence entails purifying the heart and practicing the

virtue of temperance.

 

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Kepah ~ Parish Newsletter 339

COMPENDIUM: CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH

No.84

 

528. What is forbidden by the

ninth commandment?

The ninth commandment forbids cultivating thoughts and desires

connected to actions forbidden by the sixth commandment.

 

529. How does one reach purity of heart?

In the battle against disordered desires the baptised person is

able, by the grace of God, to achieve purity of heart through the

virtue and gift of chastity, through purity of intention, purity of

vision (both exterior and interior),discipline of the imagination

and of feelings and by prayer.

 

530. What are the other requirements for purity?

Purity requires modesty which, while protecting the intimate

center of the person, expresses the sensitivity of chastity. It

guides how one looks at others and behaves toward them in

conformity with the dignity of persons and their communion.

Purity frees one from wide-spread eroticism and avoids those

things which foster morbid curiosity. Purity also requires a

purification of the social climate by means of a constant struggle

against moral permissiveness which is founded on an erroneous

conception of human freedom.

 

THE TENTH COMMANDMENT: YOU SHALL NOT COVET YOUR

NEIGHBOR’S POSSESSIONS

 

531. What is required and what is

forbidden by the tenth commandment?

This commandment, which completes the preceding

commandment, requires an interior attitude of respect for the property of

others and forbids greed, unbridled covetousness for the goods of

others, and envy which is the sadness one experience at the

sight of another’s goods and the immoderate desire to acquire

them for oneself.

 

532. What does Jesus call for in poverty of spirit?

Jesus calls his disciples to prefer him to everything and

everyone. Detachment from riches-in the spirit of evangelical

poverty-and self-abandonment to divine providence free us from

anxiety about the future and prepare us for the blessedness of

the “poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven” (Matthew 5:3).

 

533. What is greatest human desire?

The greatest desire of the human person is to see God “I want

to see God” is the cry of our whole being. We realize our true

and full happiness in the vision and beatitude of the One who

created us out of love and draws us to himself with infinite love.

 

534. What is prayer?

Prayer is the raising of one’s mind and heart to God, or the

petition of good things from him in accord with his will. It is

always the gift of God who comes to encounter man. Christian

prayer is the personal and living relationship of the children of

God with their Father who is infinitely good, with his Son Jesus

 

 

Kepah ~ Parish Newsletter 340

COMPENDIUM: CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH

No.85

CHAPTER ONE

The Revelation of Prayer

 

535. Why is there a universal call to prayer?

Because through creation God first calls every being from

nothingness. Even after the Fall man continues to be capable of

recognizing his Creator and retains a desire for the One who has

called him into existence. All religions, and the whole history

of salvation in particular, bear witness to this human desire for

God. It is God first of all, however, who ceaselessly draws every

person to the mysterious encounter known as prayer.

THE REVELATION OF PRAYER IN THE OLD TESTAMENT

536. How is Abraham a model of prayer?

Abraham is a model of prayer because he walked in the

presence of God, heard and obeyed him. His prayer was a

battle of faith because he continued to believe in the fidelity of

God even in times of trial. Besides, after having, received in

his own tent the visit of the Lord who confided his plan to him,

Abraham dared to intercede for sinners with bold confidence.

 

 

537. How did Moses pray?

The prayer of Moses was typical of contemplative prayer. God, who

called to Moses from the burning bush, lingered in conversation with

him often and at length, “face to face, like a man with his friend”

(Exodus 33:11). In this intimacy with God, Moses attained the

strength to intercede tenaciously for his people: his prayer thus

prefigured the intercession of the one mediator, Christ Jesus.

 

538. In the Old Testament, what relationship do the king and

the temple have to prayer?

The prayer of the People of God developed in the shadow of the

dwelling place of God-the Ark of the Covenant, then the Temple-
under the guidance of their shepherds. Among them there

was David, the King “after God’s own heart,” the shepherd who

prayed for his people. His prayer was a model for the prayer of

the people because it involved clinging to the divine promise and

a trust filled with love for the One who is the only King and Lord.

539. What is the role of prayer in the mission of the prophets

The prophets drew from prayer the light and strength to exhort

the people to faith and to conversion of heart. They entered into

great intimacy with God and interceded for their brothers and

sisters to whom they proclaimed what they had seen and heard

from the Lord. Elijah was the father of the prophets, of those

who sought the face of God. On Mount Carmel he achieved the

return of the people to the faith, thanks to the intervention of God

to whom he prayed “Answer me, O LORD, answer me” (1 Kings 18:37).

 

Kepah ~ Parish Newsletter

COMPENDIUM: CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH

No.79

495. What are the goods of conjugal love to which sexuality is ordered?

The goods of conjugal love, which for those who are baptized is sanctified by the sacrament of Matrimony, are unity, fidelity, indissolubility, and an openness to the procreation of life.

496. What is the meaning of the conjugal act?

The conjugal act has a twofold meaning:  unitive (the mutual self-giving of the spouses) and procreative (an openness to the transmission of life).  No one may break the inseparable connection which God has established between these two meanings of the conjugal act by excluding one or the other of them.

497. When is it moral to regulate births?

The regulation of births, which is an aspect of responsible fatherhood and motherhood, is objectively morally acceptable when it is pursued by the spouses without external pressure; when it is practiced not out of selfishness but for serious reasons; and with methods that conform to the objective criteria of morality, that is, periodic continence and use of the infertile periods.

498. What are immoral means of birth control?

Every action-for example, direct sterilization or contraception-is intrinsically immoral which (either in anticipation of the conjugal act, in its accomplishment or in the development of its natural consequences) proposes,  as an end or as a means, to hinder procreation.

499. Why are artificial insemination and artificial fertilization immoral?

They are immoral because they dissociate procreation from the act with which the spouses give themselves to each other and so introduce the domination of technology over the origin and destiny of the human person.  Furthermore, heterologous insemination and fertilization with the use of techniques that involve a person other than the married couple infringe upon the right of a child to be born of a father and mother known to him, bound to each other by marriage and having the exclusive right to become parents only through each another.

500. How should children be considered?

A child is a gift of God, the supreme gift of marriage.  There is no such thing as a right to have children (e.g.” a child at any cost’).  But a child does have the right to be the fruit of the conjugal act of its parents as well as the right to be respected as a person from the moment of conception.

501. What can spouses do when they do not have children?

Should the gift of a child not be given to them after exhausting all legitimate medical options, spouses can show their generosity by way of foster care or adoption, or by performing meaningful services for others.  In this way they realize a precious spiritual fruitfulness.

502. What are the offenses against the dignity of marriage?

These are adultery, divorce, polygamy, incest, free unions (cohabitation, concubinage), and sexual acts before or outside of marriage.

Kepah ~ Parish Newsletter

COMPENDIUM: CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH

No.78

488. What is chastity?

Chastity means the positive integration of sexuality within the person.  Sexuality becomes truly human when it is integrated in a correct way into the relationship of one person to another.  Chastity is a moral virtue, a gift of God, a grace, and a fruit of the Holy
Spirit.

489. What is involved in the virtue of chastity?

The virtue of chastity involves an apprenticeship in self-mastery as an expression of human freedom directed towards self-giving.  An integral and continuing formation, which is brought about in stages, is necessary to achieve this goal.

490. What are the means that aid the living of chastity?

There are many means at one’s disposal: the grace of God, the help of the sacraments, prayer, self-knowledge, the practice of an asceticism adapted to various situations, the exercise of the moral virtues, especially the virtue of temperance which seeks to have the passions guided by reason.

491. In what way is everyone called to live chastity?

As followers of Christ, the model of all chastity, all the baptised are called to live chastely in keeping with their particular states of life.  Some profess virginity or consecrated celibacy which enables them to give themselves to God alone with an undivided heart in a remarkable manner.  Others, if they are married live in conjugal chastity, or if unmarried practise chastity in continence.

492. What are the principal sins against chastity? 

Grave sins against chastity differ according to their object: adultery, masturbation, fornication, pornography, prostitution, rape, and homosexual acts.  These sins are expressions of the vice of lust.  These kinds of acts committed against the physical and moral integrity of minors become even more grave.

 493. Although it says only “you shall not commit adultery” why does the sixth commandment forbid all sins against chastity?

Although the biblical text of the Decalogue reads “you shall not commit adultery” (Exodus 20:14), the Tradition of the Church comprehensively follows the moral teachings of the Old and New Testaments and considers the sixth commandment as encompassing, all sins against chastity.

494. What is the responsibility of civil authority in regard to chastity?

Insofar as it is bound to promote respect for the dignity of the persons, civil authority should seek to create an environment conducive to the practice of chastity.  It should also enact suitable legislation to prevent the spread in order to protect minors and those who are the weakest members of society.

Kepah ~ Parish Newsletter 331

COMPENDIUM: CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH

 

No.76

482. What is required for earthy peace?

Earthly peace required the equal distribution and safeguarding of the goods of persons, free communication among human beings, respect for the dignity of persons and peoples, and the assiduous practice of justice and fraternitry.

 

483. When is it morally permitted to use military force?

The use of military force is morally justified  when the following conditions are simultaneously present:

-the suffering inflected by the aggressor must be lasting, grave and certain;

-all other peaceful means must have been shown to be ineffective;

-there are well founded prospects of success;

-the use of arms, especially given the power of modern weapons of mass destruction, must not produce evils graver than the evil to be eliminated.

 

484. In danger of war, who has the responsibility for the rigorous evaluation of these conditions?

This responsibility belongs to the prudential judgment of government officials who also have the right to impose on citizens the obligation of national defense.  The personal right to conscientious objection makes an exception to this obligation which should then be carried out by another form of service to the human community.

485. In case of war, what does the moral law require?

Even during a war the moral law always remains valid.  It requires the humane treatment of noncombatants, wounded soldiers and prisoners of war.  Deliberate actions contrary to the law of nations, and the orders that command such actions are crimes, which blind obedience does not excuse.  Acts of mass destruction must be condemned and likewise the extermination of peoples or ethnic minorities, which are most grievous sins.  One is morally bound to resist the orders that command such acts.

 

486. What must be done to avoid war?

Because of the evils and injustices that all war brings with it, we must do everything reasonably possible to avoid it.  To this end it is particularly important to avoid: the accumulation and sale of arms which are not regulated by the legitimate authorities; all forms of economic and social injustice; ethnic and religious discrimination; envy, mistrust, pride and the spirit of revenge.  Everything done to overcome these and other disorders contributes to building up peace and avoiding war.

THE SIXTH COMMANDMENT:  YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY

 

487. What responsibility do human persons have in regard to their own sexual identity?

God has created human beings as male and female, equal in personal dignity; and has called them to a vocation of love and of communion.  Everyone should accept his or her identity as male or female, recognizing  its importance for the whole of the person, its specificity and complementarity.

Kepah ~ Parish Newsletter 330

COMPENDIUM: CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH

 

No.75

473. How does one avoid scandal?

Scandal, which consists in inducing others to do evil, is avoided when we respect the soul and body of the person.  Anyone who deliberately leads others to commit serious sins himself commits a grave offense.

 

474. What duty do we have toward our body?

We must take reasonable care of our own physical health and that of others but avoid the cult of the body and every kind of excess.  Also to be avoided are the use of drugs which cause very serious damage to human health and life, as well as the abuse of food, alcohol, tobacco and medicine.

 

475. When are scientific, medical, or psychological experiments on human individuals or groups morally legitimate?

They are morally legitimate when they are at the service of the integral good of the person and of society, without disproportionate risks to the life and physical and psychological integrity of the subjects who must be properly informed and consenting.

 

476. Are the transplant and donation of organs allowed before and after death?

The transplant of organs is morally acceptable with the consent of the donor and without excessive risks to him or her.  Before allowing the noble act of organ donation after death, one must verify that the donor is truly dead.

 

477. What practices are contrary to respect for the bodily integrity of the human person?

They are kidnapping and hostage taking, terrorism, torture, violence, and direct sterilization.  Amputations and mutilations of a person are morally permissible only for strictly therapeutic medical reasons.

 

478. What care must be given to the dying?

The dying have a right to live the last moments of their earthly lives with dignity and, above all, to be sustained with prayer and the sacraments that prepare them to meet the living God.

 

479. How are the bodies of the deceased to be treated?

The bodies of the departed must be treated with love and respect.  Their cremation is permitted provided that it does not demonstrate a denial of faith in the resurrection of the body.

480. What does the Lord ask of every person in regard to peace?

The Lord proclaimed “Blessed are the peacemakers” (Matthew 5:9; emphasis added).  He called for peace of heart and denounced the immorality of anger which is a desire for revenge for some evil suffered.  He also denounced hatred which leads one to wish evil on one’s neighbor.  These attitudes, if voluntary and consented to in matters of great importance, are mortal and sins against charity.

 

481. What is peace in this world?

Peace in this world, which is required for the respect and development of human life, is not simply the absence of war or a balance of power between adversaries.  It is “the tranquillity of order” (Saint Augustine), “the work of justice” (Isaiah 32:17) and the effect of charity.  Earthly peace is the image and fruit of the peace of Christ.